New Wah Fu Estate
The “Redevelopment” Plan
There have been rumors about the redevelopment of Wah Fu Estate for a long time. However, it was until 2014 that the HKSAR government (HKSARG) formally declared in the Policy Address to redevelop Wah Fu Estate. The Pok Fu Lam Moratorium around Wah Fu Estate, which was a legal framework restricting development there, was partially lifted for this project. The new Wah Fu Estate is expected to provide 11,900 units upon completion. The new Wah Fu Estate is part of the HKSARG’s development plan at Pokfulam South. The 2015 Policy Address proposed the development of South Island Line (West) under Railway Development Plan 2014, where the new Wah Fu Estate will be connected to the mass railway system.
However, it might not be accurate to call it a “redevelopment plan”. Rather than rebuilding the Estate at the original site, the HKSARG plans to relocate the majority of current residents of Wah Fu Estate to five adjacent sites at Kellett Bay around the existing Wah Fu Estate. These five sites are located at Wah Lok Path, Wah King Street, Wah Fu North, Kai Lung Wan North, and Kai Lung Wan South.
The sites at Wah King Street, Wah Fu North, and Kai Lung Wan North are planned for the use of public housing, while the sites at Wah Lok Path and Kai Lung Wan South aim for the use of public rental housing plus subsidised housing.
The new Wah Fu Estate is going to be built on these separate sites, which will be connected mainly by elevated roads and footbridges. It is indeed largely a relocation and development project, with only residents from Wah Chui House and Wah King House to be resettled back to the current Wah Fu Estate area. The land use of the original site of Wah Fu Estate remains largely unknown to the general public at this moment, despite the claim that it is to be used as public housing projects as well.
In the latest update that the Housing Authority releases to the Wah Fu Estate residents in November 2020, it is proposed that the relocation / resettlement will happen in three phases.
In the first phase, residents from parts of the Estate (Wah On House, Wah Lok House, Wah Cheung House, Wah Tai House and Wah Kin House) will move to new residential blocks in the sites of Wah Lok Path, Wah King Street, and Wah Fu North. It is estimated that residents in this phase can move in as early as 2027-2028. In the second phase, residents from other parts of the Estate (Wah Sang House, Wah Hing House, Wah Ching House, Wah Ming House, Wah Kee House, Wah Shun House, Wah Yu House, Wah Chun House, Wah Hong House, Wah Kwong House, and Wah Mei House) will move to new residential blocks in the sites of Kai Lung Wan North and Kai Lung Wan South. In the third phase, the remaining residents from Wah Chui House and Wah King House will resettle in new residential blocks in the redeveloped site of the original Wah Fu Estate.
The HKSARG commissioned a feasibility study of the redevelopment project in 2015. The Transport and Housing Bureau and the Housing Department began to proceed with the rezoning procedures and carried out public consultations with local residents and other stakeholders since March 2016. The proposed project from the HKSARG is not without controversies during the consultation process though most residents consider the redevelopment essential.
The proposed plan of the new Wah Fu Estate © Southern District Council
First, its dispersed design could have a huge impact on the everyday life of Wah Fu residents. Although it is understandable that, as the Housing Department defended, residents of Wah Fu Estates should be first relocated to nearby space in order to mount the redevelopment of Wah Fu Estate as quickly as possible, such approach effectively splits the Wah Fu Estate community into three satellite sites that are weakly connected by the proposed pedestrian networks of elevated roads and footbridges. Residents in some of these satellite blocks, especially the one in Kai Long Wan South, may have difficulty in reaching various facilities to meet their daily needs. More profoundly, the fragmented design may harm the precious sense of community that the old Wah Fu Estate has fostered for decades.
Besides, the councilors of the District Council also express the lack of trust towards so-called professional advice of the government and its bureaucrats. As reflected by the councilors, the general public looks for much more details of the Wah Fu Estate redevelopment project as a whole from the government. Efficiency and transparency are now essential to public housing projects.
In the Town Planning Board Meeting on 17 May 2018, local residents also voiced mixed opinions towards the project. Although some representatives of Wah Fu Estate residents expressed support towards the project, they maintained that it was due to their strong desire to have the redevelopment scheme started, and that they were discontented with the details such as its location, design and living space provided by the new flats.
Last but not least, the general public is now much more aware of the values of natural environment and cultural heritage. The balance between development and conservation has to be considered. Some residents of nearby districts, especially those of Chi Fu Fa Yuen, strongly perceive that such redevelopment may have negative impacts to the natural environment and built heritage (the remains of the Old Dairy Farming facilities) nearby. Some people are also concerned about the preservation of the remains of Kai Lung Wan Cemeteries.
In early 2017, the HKSARG updated the plan and expected that the first phase of redevelopment will begin intake in 2025. In 2020, the government announced the new residential blocks would be ready for the first batch of residents’ intake as early as 2027, which was another year of delay after the one-year delay in 2019. 
 Southern District Council (2017). Proposed Public Housing Developments in Pokfulam South. [pdf] Annex 1. Available at: https://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/south/doc/2016_2019/en/committee_meetings_doc/DDHC/11890/DDHC_2017_12_EN_Annex_1_r.pdf.
 Southern District Council (2021). Proposed Public Housing Developments in Pok Fu Lam South and Proposed Clearance and Rehousing Arrangement for Wah Fu Estate Redevelopment. [pdf] p.5. Available at: https://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/south/doc/2020_2023/en/dc_meetings_doc/19754/S_2021_8_EN_ppt_1.pdf.
 Legislative Council Panel (2015) Receiving public views on the Long Term Housing Strategy and housing-related initiatives in the 2015 Policy Address. [pdf] Available at: https://www.legco.gov.hk/yr14-15/english/panels/hg/papers/hg20150321cb1-827-3-e.pdf.
 Town Planning Board (2017). Summary of representations and comments and the Planning Department’s responses in respect of the Draft Pok Fu Lam Outline Zoning Plan No. S/H10/16. [pdf] Annex V. Available at: https://www.info.gov.hk/tpb/en/whats_new/S_H10_16/R_S_H10_16_Annex_EN.pdf.
 South District Council (2017). ‘Item 2: Proposed Public Housing Developments in Pokfulam South’. Minutes of meeting 31 July 2017. [pdf] pp.4-29. Available at: https://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/south/doc/2016_2019/en/committee_meetings_minutes/DDHC/DDHC_Mins_2017_10_EN.pdf.
 South District Council(2017). ‘Item 2: Proposed Public Housing Developments in Pokfulam South’. Minutes of meeting 31 July 2017. [pdf] p.22. Available at: https://www.districtcouncils.gov.hk/south/doc/2016_2019/en/committee_meetings_minutes/DDHC/DDHC_Mins_2017_10_EN.pdf.
〈華富邨居民批重建太慢 關注聯不滿單位面積 為盡快落實「逼不得已」支持〉，《明報》，2018年5月17日。 https://news.mingpao.com/ins/港聞/article/20180517/s00001/1526569095189。
 Town Planning Board (2017). Proposed amendments to the approved Pok Fu Lam outline zoning plan No. S/H10/15. [pdf] p.2. Available at: https://www.info.gov.hk/tpb/en/papers/MPC/587-mpc_5-17.pdf.
 Legislative Council Panel (2019). Site formation and infrastructure works for public housing developments at Pok Fu Lam South. [pdf] p.2. Available at: https://www.legco.gov.hk/yr19-20/english/panels/hg/papers/hg20191202cb1-183-5-e.pdf.